When arriving from countries not included in the ‘travel corridor’ list, everyone must fill out a public health locator form. If anyone refuses to provide contact details or an address, they will be subject to a fine of £100 or could be refused entry to the country if not a UK citizen.
Once they have filled out those forms, Public Health England will perform random spot checks on a certain number of those required to self-isolate via a phone call and text message. If they have reason to suspect that somebody isn't complying, then their details can ultimately be passed to police who will enforce the measures as a last resort.
It is also to important to remember that some people are exempt from these rules, for example workers engaged in essential or emergency works and registered health or care professionals travelling to the UK to provide essential healthcare. The list of all those exempt is provided on the Gov.UK website and evidence must be provided.
A number of travel corridors have now come into effect, in addition to the existing Common Travel Area exemptions.
Travel is of course still not risk-free, but the Foreign Office has now published a list of destinations that no longer pose an unacceptably high risk for British travellers. The Government also believes that the risk of importing COVID-19 cases through arrivals from these destinations is sufficiently low.
The advice to avoid all but essential travel abroad does not apply to these destinations. Destinations include France, Spain, Italy, Greece, Australia, New Zealand and many others - the full list can be found at the following link:
The exemptions will rightly be kept under careful review and I know that Ministers will not hesitate to move rapidly if infection rates rise in countries we are reconnecting with.
Countries not on the travel corridor list (e.g. Portugal)
The destinations on the list of exemptions have been determined by risk assessments carried out by the Joint Biosecurity Centre, in close consultation with Public Health England and the Chief Medical Officer.
These assessments consider a range of factors, including estimates of the proportion of the population currently infectious; virus incidence rates; trends in incidence and deaths; transmission status; international epidemic intelligence; testing capacity and the quality of the data available.